Team building is about forming bonds between individuals to create a cohesive group. It can include routine daily interactions or more structured activities and exercises. It differs from teamwork, which focuses on a group’s function.
Ideas of team building have been around since the late 1920s, when Eton Mayo’s Hawthorne studies observed an isolated team of six workers over a five-year period. Mayo concluded the workers were more productive than their factory-based colleagues because they had a sense of belonging as part of one team.